How to Respond When People Say the Bible Is Metaphorical - Topical Studies (2023)

How would you respond if someone said to you, “The Bible is only metaphorical. You can’t take it literally.” Chances are, you’d be stumped, tongue-tied, and at a loss for how to answer. But the answer is both yes and no.

First off, the Bible in its entirety is the literal, authentic story of God: of Him creating the world and all its inhabitants—both animal and human—of man’s unfortunate fall, and of God’s redemptive plan for saving mankind. Yet, within that macro-literal story are hundreds of micro-stories, many of which contain beautiful and illustrative metaphors.

What Is a Metaphor?

A metaphor is a literary device used to compare two things that are unalike. They are strategically used by writers to help explain or expound upon a deeper, richer idea or truth. For instance, the phrase “Life is a highway.” We know that life is not a literal highway, but it aptly illustrates how an individual’s journey in this world includes twists and turns, ups and downs, curves and straight stretches. The comparison oflifeto ahighwayisn’t meant to be taken literally.

This same principle applies to the metaphors in Scripture. Metaphors are just one of the many literary devices God used to connect with us, to teach us, and to invite us into a deeper understanding of Himself and His Word.

Examples of Scriptural Metaphors

When someone says that the Bible is just metaphorical, they are both right and wrong. The rightness of their opinion is supported by two specific Scriptures:Psalm 119:105andHebrews 4:12: “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path,” and “For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.”

(Video) Jordan Peterson's Realization About the Bible

We know God’s Word is not a literal lamp or a sharp implement. Yet, these two metaphors paint vivid mental pictures of how God’s truths illuminate and guide ourfaithand sharpen our minds. The wordspathandswordencompass the entire Bible. So yes, in this way, the entire Bible is indeed metaphorical. And you can absolutely agree with the one who makes that statement.

We can also agree with them that the Bible is rife with hundreds of micro metaphors. Jesus himself relied heavily on them when talking about himself. “I am the bread of life,” Jesus said inJohn 6:35. The Jews knew that bread was a vital life sustenance in that ancient culture. The body could not function with it. Jesus appropriated that idea of bread as sustenance and applied it to himself, as the sustains our spiritual lives.

He purposefully used language that the common man—many of which at that time were unlearned, like the disciples—could understand, relate to, and easily identify with. It is this type of language that invited curiosity and contemplation. And still does.

“Metaphors have the power to capture imagination. Metaphors have the power to capture an image and communicate a message to the hearers that forces them to think and respond,” saysDr. Claude Mariottini, Professor of Old Testament at Northern Baptist Seminary. “The benefit of using metaphors in speech is that the metaphorical language uses both the mind and the emotions to communicate a message thus helping the hearers understand the message through the use of the metaphor. When the speaker uses a metaphor to communicate a truth, the understanding of the meaning of the metaphor opens a window for the proper understanding of content of the message.”

Here are a few more examples:

  • “I am the Door of the sheep” (John 10:7)
  • “I am the Light of the world” (John 8:12)
  • “I am the Vine” (John 15:1, 5)

Again, we know Jesus is not a literal door or a light or a vine. He simply appropriated those images to demonstrate that he is the way to eternal salvation and enduring sustenance.

(Video) Believing Jesus Small Group Bible Study by Lisa Harper - Session One

Metaphors were also employed by the psalmists, the prophets, and the apostles, alike.

  • Israel as a harlot (Ezekiel 16:15; the entire Book of Hosea)
  • Believers running a race (Galatians 5:7a,1 Corinthians 9:24)
  • The Church as the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:27)
  • Satan as a roaring lion (1 Peter 5:8)

Metaphors as Instructive

Metaphors also help us to see the varied nuances and facets of our Father and his Son, Jesus. In some ways, they are instructive, conjuring up images of God and Jesus we wouldn’t have necessarily assigned to them, seeing them in a different light, a true light. These images bring us comfort, joy, hope, and strength, and they help us to connect with God in ways another literary device would have failed.

SaysRev. Michael J. Glodo, Associate Professor of Biblical Studies at Reformed Theological Seminary in Orlando, FL, “Metaphors introduce tension into ideas or concepts that cause us to open our eyes wider. And, they appeal to the whole person more, to the emotions as well as to the intellect. We can identify with metaphorical language because they connect concepts to sensory experience, whether it’s sight, sound, smell, and so forth.”

For instance:

  • God as a sun and a shield (Psalm 84:11)
  • God with sheltering wings (Psalm 91:4)
  • God as a rock and a fortress (Isaiah 64:8,2 Samuel 22:2,Psalm 18:2)
  • Jesus as a shepherd (Psalm 23:1,Ezekiel 34:15-16)
  • Jesus as high priest (Hebrews 4:14-16)
  • Jesus’ sacrifice, a fragrant offering (Ephesians 5:2)

We see from this list, too, that there is not one specific metaphor we can apply to God or to Jesus. They are all of them, all at once, all the time. And these wonderful descriptive metaphors often offer us comfort and compassion, strength and sustenance, hope and healing.

How to Respond When People Say the Bible Is Metaphorical - Topical Studies (1)

(Video) This Lesson from the Bible will Make You Unstoppable | Franciscan University | EP 252


Metaphors as Gospel Tools

Metaphors can be used as significant aids when communicating the Gospel, since they profoundly illustrate truths the average person (even children) can understand. When we are presented with a divine opportunity to speak on behalf of God—as “fishers of men” (Mark 1:17—God gave us several marvelous metaphors to use when describing His Son, so as to make Him attractive and intriguing, and which should invite a response on the hearer’s part—hopefully, acceptance.

Jesus as the Lamb of God:In times past, God required the sacrifice of a perfect animal to atone for a person’s sins. Jesus became that once-for-all atoning sacrifice, as the perfect Lamb who satisfied God’s wrath. Because of this, we’re no longer required to offer our own sacrifices. We only need to accept Jesus’ sacrifice on our behalf, through belief and faith. When we do, we avoid God’s wrath of eternal punishment and damnation.

Jesus as the Light of the world:Jesus’ sinless life shone in and through the darkness of this evil world, illuminating sin and exposing it as separating us from God. Jesus alone is the exclusive source of salvation. No other “light”—however attractive—can accomplish what Jesus already did for us. Once we appropriatetheLight, we ourselves become miniature, but impactful, “lights” to the world (Matthew 5:14-16).

Salvation as a covenant, with an inheritance:Through salvation, we make a reciprocal covenant (agreement) with God that involves faith (trust) on our part and unconditional commitment on His. The result is that we receive an inheritance (eternity), one that can neither be revoked nor rescinded.

Believers as adopted children:Before Christ, we were children under the influence of the evil one, living our lives in licentiousness and lawlessness. After appropriating the free gift of grace through faith in Jesus, though, we were forgiven of all our sins, redeemed, and wonderfully adopted into a new (though still flawed) family, known as the Church, the Body and Bride of Christ. Through our spiritual adoption, we now enjoy special blessings and benefits found only in this Family.

(Video) Lecture: Biblical Series I: Introduction to the Idea of God

There are other metaphors that refer to salvation, too: Kingdom of God (Matthew 5:3), strangers and aliens (1 Peter 2:11), sheep (Matthew 25:32), salt and light (Matthew 5:13-16), to name a few. All of these images individually represent one aspect of salvation, seen from a different perspective. Taken together, though, they create a broader, more complete picture. We need all of them to get a comprehensive and proper view of the Gospel message and salvation.

Metaphors as Prayers

Metaphors can also impact our prayers. Picturing God as a mighty king, a rock, or a strong tower/fortress, or Jesus as a gentle shepherd or a warrior high priest strongly and vividly influences our images of them, how we perceive them. While we understand that God is not a literal fortress or rock, these “metaphors often inform us what Godcando, not what He is. They often describe His abilities, not His attributes. Thus, He is likeastrong tower or shield that can protect us, or He has wings that can hold us up, etc… Metaphors communicate what God is like in anindirectandnon-literalway…They are also evocative, even though they are not literally descriptive,” says theologianNorman Geislerin his book,Systematic Theology, Vol. 2, God/Creation.

As we visually engage with each image in our prayers and medications, they invite a particular response to God and Jesus, accordingly, whether it is with confidence or humility or gratefulness.


The Bible, for many people, is difficult to grasp, both intellectually, emotionally, and spiritually. The many metaphors in Scripture are just one means God sovereignly used to help us understand Him in all His facets and Being, His Word—which also includes the use of a variety of genres, other figures of speech, and imagery—and His plans and purposes for mankind.

I know that was a bit of a circuitous way to answer that initial question, but I hope and pray the points above give you sufficient (though not exhaustive) spiritual “ammunition” when discussing this topic with someone.

Photo Credit: ©Getty Images/Pamela D McAdams

(Video) Bible Basics for Catholics: Class 1 of 9

How to Respond When People Say the Bible Is Metaphorical - Topical Studies (2)Denise is a former newspaper reporter and current freelance writer. She has been published in numerous online and print publications. She is also a former Women's Bible Study teacher. Denise's passion is to use her writing to bless, encourage, and inform others. She lives outside of Chicago with her husband and two children (another has grown and flown). You can find Denise


What is a topical study of the Bible? ›

What is a topical Bible Study? A Topical Bible Study approaches the Bible by looking at a specific topic or theme. You can do a topical study to discover what the Bible holistically teaches about a particular idea. For example, you may want to understand how the Bible views healing.

What is the purpose of metaphors in the Bible? ›

The Bible uses images and metaphors to describe not only the logic of how Christ accomplishes salvation, but also to describe the transformative implications of that salvation.

Why the Bible should not be taken literally? ›

These include The Scientific Argument: the Bible contradicts modern science; The Historical Argument: the Bible is historically inaccurate; and The Moral Argument: the Bible violates contemporary moral standards.

What is an example of a metaphor in the Bible? ›

For example when Jesus told his disciples that he was a vine and that they were branches, he was making more than one simple point. A vine and its branches implies an organic relationship, one that changes and grows. Such a metaphor tells us that the disciples' life is not static.

What are the 4 types of Bible study? ›

The four types include biblical theology, historical theology, systematic (or dogmatic) theology, and practical theology.

What is topical vs exegetical preaching? ›

Expository preaching differs from topical preaching in that the former concentrates on a specific text and discusses topics covered therein; whereas, the latter concentrates on a specific topic and references texts covering the topic.

What does it mean if something is metaphorical? ›

adjective. involving, invoking, or intended to be taken as a metaphor, something used symbolically to represent something else, suggesting a comparison or resemblance: Our foreign policy blunder has given the insurgents a metaphorical green light to engage in violent tactics in pursuit of their imperial ambitions.

What metaphors are used to describe God? ›

People use numerous metaphors to describe God. God is seen as a bearded man, light, and love. Based on metaphor theories, the metaphors people use to refer to God reflect how people think about God and could, in turn, reflect their worldview.

What are 3 famous metaphors? ›

Famous metaphors
  • “The Big Bang.” ...
  • “All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. ...
  • “Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life.” ...
  • “I am the good shepherd, … and I lay down my life for the sheep.” ...
  • “All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree.” ...
  • “Chaos is a friend of mine.”

Do most Christians believe the Bible is literal? ›

The vast majority of evangelical and fundamentalist Christians regard the Biblical text as clear, and believe that the average person may understand the basic meaning and teachings of the Bible. Such Christians often refer to the teachings of the Bible rather than to the process of interpretation itself.

Is the Bible metaphorical or literal? ›

Remember, the Bible is entirely literal, and the Bible is also “literal plus.” The “plus” never contradicts the literal. With that said, let's open to Genesis 1:10–13: And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so.

What is the problem with reading the Bible literally? ›

Literal readings of nonliteral texts can also lead to fraudulent readings, dogmatic tenacity to ahistorical or unscientific claims, and the loss of credibility for those who insist on nonsensical interpretations.

What is the metaphor of Apple Adam and Eve? ›

The poverty and lack in our world began in the Garden of Eden when Adam and Eve ate the forbidden fruit. The fruit, which grew on the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, was the catalyst for the fall of man — when original sin entered creation and led to the reality we face every day.

What is a metonymy in the Bible? ›

Metonymy is the technical name for a figure of speech in which one word (or group of words) is sustituted for another. (A metonym is the term for a word or expression that is substituted for another in this figure of speech.)

Why did Jesus use the vine as a metaphor? ›

Symbolism of the Vineyard and the Vine

In the book of John, the Savior used the grapevine as a metaphor to explain the nature of His relationship with those who would be His disciples. Prior to leaving for Gethsemane, the Savior taught the Apostles how they must live if they were to continue to be His disciples.

What are the 5 W's of Bible study? ›

The 5 W's of Every Old Testament Book: Who, What, When, Where, and Why of Every Book in the Old Testament (Old Testament Resource Books)

What is the SOAP method of Bible study? ›

stands for Scripture, Observation, Application and Prayer. It is a way of getting more out of your time in God's Word. The S.O.A.P method of Bible Study (for individuals or small groups) does not require a theology degree or special leadership skills.

What is the danger of topical preaching? ›

Topical preaching comes with two particular dangers. The first danger in preaching topical sermons is preacher-centric message crafting. This pitfall happens when the preacher's bottom line question in sermon prep is, “What do I want to say?” Our calling is not to preach our word but to preach the Word (2 Timothy 4:2).

What are the disadvantages of topical preaching? ›

Topical preaching has more dangers than you think. The most obvious being that you only preach on what you want to preach on or what's easy. You're not likely to hear a clip on Instagram from an influencer-type pastor condemn same-sex marriage.

What type of sermon is topical? ›

A topical sermon only gets its topic from a text. Until you do it, it will not make quite so much sense. The topic is developed according to its nature rather than the text's nature. Let us say I want to do a topical sermon on gambling.

What is the difference between metaphorical and allegorical? ›

So what's the difference? In general, metaphor is a short phrase or paragraph that compares two seemingly unrelated things to make a point, while an allegory is a long narrative that uses a seemingly unrelated story to teach a lesson or prove a point.

Is the Bible an allegory? ›

Medieval scholars believed the Old Testament to serve as an allegory of New Testament events, such as the story of Jonah and the whale, which represents Jesus' death and resurrection. According to the Old Testament Book of Jonah, a prophet spent three days in the belly of a fish.

Is playing God a metaphor? ›

More commonly, however, playing God has served as a metaphor for criticizing the human exercise of excessive scientific and technological powers.

What is the biblical metaphor of the church? ›

The passage is Ephesians 2:19-22. The metaphors include church as a community of citizens, church as household, church as building, and church as temple. But notice that all these metaphors utilize words that have the οικ root which means “house” or “home.”

What is an example of a bad metaphor? ›

Here are a few examples of bad and funny metaphors and similes to get you going: The little boat gently drifted across the pond exactly the way a bowling ball wouldn't. The toddlers looked at each other as if they had just been told their mutual funds had taken a complete nosedive.

What is the most common metaphor? ›

Illogical, but we understand the meaning. Other examples of common metaphors are “night owl”, “cold feet”, “beat a dead horse”, “early bird”, “couch potato”, “eyes were fireflies”, “apple of my eye”, “heart of stone”, “heart of a lion”, “roller coaster of emotions”, and “heart of gold.”

What is an example of a negative metaphor? ›

Negative Metaphors

Conflict is also framed as a struggle:[8] we are "on a sinking ship with no lifeboat," "traveling a rocky road," or "working with a checkbook that won't balance."[9] These metaphors all suggest struggle, frustration, even hopelessness.

Can you believe in God and not believe in the Bible? ›

Belief in God as described in the Bible is most pronounced among U.S. Christians. Overall, eight-in-ten self-identified Christians say they believe in the God of the Bible, while one-in-five do not believe in the biblical description of God but do believe in a higher power of some kind.

Is the Bible really the word of God? ›

Since the Word is God-breathed (2 Tim 3:16), it cannot be subjected to lesser authorities, but must be authenticated by God himself. It carries within itself the character and marks of being the Word of God. The Bible remains authoritative, even if there were none to hear or believe it.

Is the Bible historically accurate? ›

These Biblical records can be and are used as are other ancient documents in archaeological work.” In other words, not only does archaeology confirm that the Bible is historically accurate, but professional archaeologists actually use the Bible as a guide in their work.

Is sin a metaphor? ›

In the identified examples, sin is metaphorically perceived as A HUMAN BEING, AN ANIMAL, including such specific animals as SNAKES or LIONS. It is also described as A PLANT, as well as AN OBJECT, and sometimes it is pictured as a specific thing: A WALL, A STING, FOOD, and ICE.

Is the book of Genesis meant to be literal? ›

Religious interpretations

The Book of Genesis is regarded as a religious text by several faiths, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Many adherents of those faiths interpret Genesis literally, while others interpret it as a metaphor or symbolism.

What is the literal version of the Bible? ›

The Literal Standard Version (LSV) is a Modern English translation of the protocanonical books of the Bible with a number of distinctive features. It describes itself as the most literal translation of the Bible into the modern English language.

Does anyone take the Bible literally? ›

Perhaps not surprisingly, the researchers found that women were more likely than men to take the Bible literally. But more so than gender, researchers found that Biblical literalism is tied to a person's attachment to God.

How do liberal Christians interpret the Bible? ›

Liberal Christians regard the Bible as words that have been written about God. Although these are a good guide for Christians in understanding their faith, they might interpret passages differently to fit modern society.

What happens when you stop reading your Bible? ›

Scripture increases all our holy capacities for the glory of Jesus. Without the nourishment of Scripture, we easily lose steam. We become spiritually winded and require more rest, more time away from the active pursuit of Jesus' earthly work. We will be slow and plodding, lacking energy and will.

Is the story of Adam and Eve a metaphor? ›

The doctrine was based on Pauline Scripture but has not been accepted by a number of Christian sects and interpreters, especially among those Christians who consider the story of Adam and Eve less a fact and more a metaphor of the relation of God and man.

Is the story of Adam and Eve an allegory? ›

Literal belief in the Adam and Eve story fell out of favor in the 18th and 19th centuries, and Greenblatt credits Voltaire and Charles Darwin, along with the discovery of ancient fossils, with the now-popular belief that the story is an allegory.

What is the fruit tree metaphor? ›

'Regardless of what it does, every business, like every fruit tree, is unique. ' An interactive analogy.

What does white wool mean in the Bible? ›

Snow and wool are: Pure, bright white. White represents purity. When Isaiah says that the Lord can change our sins from scarlet or crimson to snow or wool, he is saying that the Lord can do something that is impossible for us to do on our own.

What is an example of an onomatopoeia in the Bible? ›

The modern Hebrew word for 'bottle' occurs in the Bible, but the word's origin is probably onomatopoeic. One of Hebrew's best onomatopoeic words is bakbuk (bak-BUK) - bottle. It's a word that is supposed to sound like liquid being poured out of a bottle, or perhaps being gulped down one's throat.

What are 5 examples of metonymy? ›

Here are some examples of metonymy:
  • Crown. (For the power of a king.)
  • The White House. (Referring to the American administration.)
  • Dish. (To refer an entire plate of food.)
  • The Pentagon. (For the Department of Defense and the offices of the U.S. Armed Forces.)
  • Pen. ...
  • Sword - (For military force.)
  • Hollywood. ...
  • Hand.

What metaphor is used to describe Jesus? ›

When Jesus made these statements about himself, he tapped into the particular power of metaphors. He compared himself to bread, to a shepherd, to light, to a vine because such likeness allowed him to say complex things in a fairly simple manner.

What is the metaphor in John 15? ›

John 15:1-2 presents the metaphor (Kellum 2004:170) and contains two separate statements: that Jesus is the vine and that the Father is the vinedresser. This frames the whole metaphor from verse 2 to verse 8.

Is Jesus the true vine according to the Gospel of John? ›

"I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful. You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you. Remain in me, and I will remain in you.

How to read the Bible topically? ›

How to Do a Topical Study
  1. Step 1: Find a Topic to Study. The first step in a topical study is choosing the topic. ...
  2. Step 2: Look for Related Words & Synonyms. ...
  3. Step 3: Define Your Word. ...
  4. Step 4: Find Relevant Bible Verses. ...
  5. Step 5: Make Observations on Each Passage. ...
  6. Step 6: Organize the Data. ...
  7. Step 7: Summarize & Apply.

What type of preaching is topical? ›

Topical Preaching: Topical preaching is preaching in which the preacher picks a topic he wants to address and then finds biblical material to fit that topic. Topical preaching is driven by the preacher's agenda—what he wants to talk about. Expositional preaching, on the other hand, begins with the Bible.

What is the difference between a topical Bible and a concordance? ›

Whereas concordances list all the verses that contain the word “money,” which is helpful, topical bibles list passages that discuss money, even those where the exact word isn't used.

When reading the Bible you should focus on topical Bible studies? ›

Topical studies are a great way to get deeper into the Word of God. Topically studying different topics can help you apply what has been read and taught throughout scripture and open your mind up for new understanding! It involves meditating on scripture specific to a word, phrase, problem, or thought.

What does the Bible say about writing on your skin? ›

Per Leviticus 19:28, “You shall not make gashes in your flesh for the dead, or incise any marks on yourselves.” Historically, scholars have often understood this as a warning against pagan practices of mourning.

How do you read the Bible in context? ›

Reading the Bible in its context means looking at every verse or passage in relation to the verses, chapters, and broader narratives that surround it. It means knowing what other ideas, themes, or stories the author was thinking about when writing.

What are the 3 styles of preaching? ›

With that in mind, let's look at these three methods.
  • Expository Preaching. This method is generally used by those who hold the Bible in high regard. ...
  • Textual Preaching. The textual method is preaching through a section of the Bible (or section of a book of the Bible). ...
  • Topical Preaching.
Mar 5, 2009

What are the 4 types of preaching? ›

The four most common are: verse-by-verse, thematic, narrative, and topical. There are many different kinds of expositional preaching. The four most common are: verse-by-verse, thematic, narrative, and topical.

What are the elements of a topical sermon? ›

6 Elements of an Effective Sermon
  • Truth. An effective sermon must faithfully communicate the truth of God's Word. ...
  • Timely. There are many powerful and wonderful truths in the Word of God, but knowing which one is the right one for this moment is the constant challenge. ...
  • Targeted. ...
  • Received. ...
  • Remembered. ...
  • Responded to.
Sep 16, 2020

How do you preach a topical sermon? ›

How to Write a Topical Sermon
  1. Pray for guidance.
  2. Pick your topic.
  3. Prepare with the right tools and books.
  4. Polish your message.
  5. Preach for life transformation.
Jan 1, 2022

What version of the Bible does Strong's concordance use? ›

The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, generally known as Strong's Concordance, is a Bible concordance, an index of every word in the King James Version (KJV), constructed under the direction of James Strong.

What is the difference between Study Bible and Life Application Bible? ›

Where other study Bibles offer insight about the text, the Life Application Study Bible goes one step further and asks readers to consider how it applies to the rhythm of their daily lives.

What is a biblical lexicon? ›

Lexicons are dictionaries of foreign languages. For biblical studies it is essential to have access to lexicons of Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic. The cultural background of the Bible and its interpreters also makes it important to have lexicons of languages related to the Bible, e.g. Ugaritic and Latin.


1. Midweek Bible Study | End Times Question & Answer with Pastor Gary Hamrick & Dr. Ed Hindson
(Cornerstone Chapel - Leesburg, VA)
2. The simple truth about being born again—DON’T GET THIS WRONG #biblestudy #bornagain
(Topical Bible Studies)
3. The Genesis Story | Lecture One
(Hillsdale College)
4. What does the BIBLE REALLY say about MONEY & WEALTH?
(DLM Christian Lifestyle)
5. Labelle Baptist Temple - Live Stream -
(LaBelle Baptist Temple - LaBelle FL)
6. The religious metaphor problem | The birth of Christianity
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Reed Wilderman

Last Updated: 14/10/2023

Views: 5689

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (72 voted)

Reviews: 87% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Reed Wilderman

Birthday: 1992-06-14

Address: 998 Estell Village, Lake Oscarberg, SD 48713-6877

Phone: +21813267449721

Job: Technology Engineer

Hobby: Swimming, Do it yourself, Beekeeping, Lapidary, Cosplaying, Hiking, Graffiti

Introduction: My name is Reed Wilderman, I am a faithful, bright, lucky, adventurous, lively, rich, vast person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.